About Campulung Muscel
The Fortress of Jidava (Jidova)
The year 106 BC, the year of the conquest of Dacia by the Romans, has opened a distinct period in our history and, hence, in this area. As a border province of the Roman Empire, Dacia had a major role in the defense against barbarian attacks, assuming building lines of fortification, with stone made camps placed along. By the middle of the current county of Argeş passed one of the lines of fortification designed to defend the border of the Roman province of Dacia - Limes Transalutanus - along which the sequence of military camps stretched. The other components of the limes were the fortifications where Roman troops (auxiliary troops) stationed.
Limes Transalutanus, spanning a length of 235 km, was built at a...
The Ensemble of St.James Catholic Church (Barata)
"To this day we may see the remains of a church with its steeple, which was of the Catholic Saxons, who lived then in Wallachia, because I saw at the entry of our church St. John the Great in Câmpulung, a sepulchral inscription. Other marks or inscriptions are not to be found in Wallachia, because of continuous disturbances, and the country’s wealth was not his last reason for ruin."
Anton Maria Del Chiaro, History of Modern Revolutions of Wallachia (1718)
The ensemble comprises three important buildings: the church dedicated to Saint James the...
Royal Court and Monastery Ensemble "Negru-Vodă"
"Passing on the rough roads, through forests and over hills and valleys, with frequent ups and downs, I came in the evening to a place called Câmpulung, which is a big city, with a thought to visit the monastery there, dedicated to the Assumption.
The meaning of the name Câmpulung in Romanian is "long plain" and it really is the appearance of this place, for it is a very long city and a river flows through its middle. [....] The Church stands on four beautiful, grand pillars. The belfry is large and very high. City population, with priests and monks, greeted us outside the gates; and once I entered the church, the Vespers for the Sunday of the Pharisee and the tax collector...
The Royal Church
The Royal Church had as the oldest patrons Saint Archangels Michael and Gabriel. Subsequently it was dedicated to St. Nicholas and our patron St. Pious Parascheva in Iasi, as it is best known today. It is located in the old city center, and is originally founded by the kings of Wallachia, hence the name of Royal Church, being built in 1567 by Lady Chiajna, widow of King Mircea Ciobanu, together with her son Peter the Young. The old inscription initially placed by the founders on the church facade was lost. In its initial form, the church lasted until the first years of reign of Nicolae Mavrocordat, probably around 1720. Following an earthquake it was severely damaged and was...
The Art and History Museum of the City of Câmpulung
In Câmpulung and surroundings, history overwhelms you through the multitude of archaeological sites and historical monuments, a feeling that probably Grigore Tocilescu, director of the National Museum of Archaeology also had during the visit he made here in 1889. He recommended and supported the idea of creating a museum in Câmpulung to save and preserve the testimonies of the past. This resulted in the decision of establishing a museum publication in the Official Gazette No 116 of 26 August/ 7September 1889. The core of the museum, housed at the beginning in the Negru-Vodă monastery, was administered directly by the Mayor, the abbot of the monastery and the headmaster of Boys School no. 1 in...
Museum of Ethnography and Folklore
The building that hosts the museum (Stefanescu House) dates from 1735, the oldest civil building preserved in Campulung. It was restored by architect D.I. Berechet in 1928 and houses at present the Municipal Museum's ethnographic collections. Folk art and ethnographic objects from Muscel one can admire here are particularly valuable, most of them being part of the national cultural heritage, presented in an original environment. Steftnescu house is in itself a monument of old Romanian architecture.
The appearance is of a typical Muscel house, with two floors, with wooden gazebo, easily carved, which ends in corrugated masonry arches, extended with the console room, with wooden...
"George Topirceanu" Memorial House
The poet of healthy humor and of deep and hidden gentleness wandered the country with his parents, driven by his mother's profession, finally settling to Namaesti, Arges county. Because here he lived a great part of his life and founded a family, the house became a memorial. It is a typical Muscel construction with a basement, first floor and porch to front, as many houses in the mountains can be seen.
The museum occupies the floor - a hall and two rooms, where there is an abundance of original exhibits, copies and facsimiles. The hall exposes the last portrait of the poet, a sad, warning figure, as well as several volumes published during his lifetime: "Happy and Sad Ballads",...
Câmpulung City Hall
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Câmpulung Hall building was located in the beautiful Romanian classic style building from 1907 ("The Communal Ospel"). In front of the building was placed in 1910 a bronze statue dedicated to Negru-Vodă by the sculptor Dimitrie Mirea, statue that had initially been at the north end of „Pardon” Boulevard.
The current building of the City Hall was originally built as the seat of the Muscel Prefecture, while Câmpulung was, in times of the Kingdom of Romania up to the administrative reform of 1950, the residency of this county. The City Hall...
Following the road that winds through the apple orchards the hills� slopes, we go down to the village Stoene?ti and enter the beautiful D�mbovi?a channel. A little further we see top above, on a cliff, a cross that shines in the sun, indicating Cet??uia. Curiosity makes you climb into this place full of mystery. We reach a plateau suspended between heaven and earth, where a natural blending of history, the Dacian shrine's disciples of Zamolxis and their caves were populated by Christian ascetics, the new priests of the mountains.
Known as the "Hermitage Ce??uia Negru-Vod?", the very old monastery is built on top of a rocky rise at an altitude of 881 meters on the left bank of the D�mbovi?a River. The tradition...
Nămăeşti Monastery is located 5 km northeast of Câmpulung. From the Memorial House "George Topîrceanu" we go left and climb the stairs to reach this place of prayer.
The church is carved into the rock at an altitude of 765 meters, a place discovered, as it is said, by the Holy Apostle Andrew in his way of Christianization in Scythia, Thrace and the two Dacian countries: the Roman occupied and the free territory. The word Nămăeşti itself would come from the words of Apostle Andrew, who had said looking into the cave that houses now the church: "Nemo est" ("Nobody is here") and from that moment on, the name of this place would remain...
Heroes Mausoleum of Mateiaş
Heroes Mausoleum from Valea Mare-Pravăţ, known as the Mausoleum of Mateiaş, is dedicated to the heroes of World War I, 1916-1918. It is situated on E574 (DN 73), 11 km distance from Braşov to Câmpulung, on an imposing promontory, situated on the southern slope of Mount Mateiaş.
Built between 1928-1935 by the contractor de Nicolo, after the blueprints of architect Dumitru Ionescu-Berechet, the impressive mausoleum, made mainly of Albeşti limestone is composed of two bodies: the first, horizontal, houses ossuaries, with marble plates bearing the carved names of fallen soldiers placed on the walls; a spiral monumental staircase leads to the second body, that bears a vertical tower, shaped like a...
Village Bughea-de-Sus is at a distance of 5 km from Câmpulung, on road DJ 735. The topic name "Bughea" probably comes from the appellation "boaghe" (local variant "Bughea") with respect to "fog". The mountain mist, "boaghea" is a quite frequent meteorological phenomenon in the area. Bughea topic name was probably given at the beginning to the valley, then to the stream and valley villages. However, the first inhabitants were called “Bugheanu”.
Bughea-de-Sus is nestling between the valleys of Bughea, Bughiţa, Măgura, Tolii and the hills of Grui, which are actually an extension of the plateau with the same name and of Mălin, which is beyond the water. These valleys form a...
"Merci" Public Garden
In 1844, the town square, which operated in 1827 on the plot of land where currently we have the Public Garden, was moved to the location of today. The Public Garden’s planning began in 1885, after a fire had destroyed the shops in the area; it ended in 1890 and in 1895 there were 25 lamps installed to illuminate it. In 1929 the wooden fence around it was replaced by the stone made one, designed by architect D.I. Berechet.
The Alley of Preeminent Figures in the Public Garden presents the busts of culturally remarkable people, such as: poet and mathematician Dan Barbilian (Ion Barbu), work carved in Albesti stone by Alex. Deac; painter I.D. Negulici; historian C.D....